Soliland Government >> Our Country
The Republic of Somaliland is a sovereign state in the Horn of Africa
The Republic of Somaliland is a sovereign state in the Horn of Africa sharing its borders with Republic of Djibouti, Federal Republic of Ethiopia and Somalia to the east. The country is known of its mountain ranges rising up to seven thousand feet and the Laas Geel Cave Paintings which are the earliest human artifacts, dating from before 3000 BC.
Somaliland is located north of the Equator, thus the sun passes vertically overhead twice a year and it has a coastal line to the north extending 460 miles along the Red Sea. The former British Somaliland Protectorate achieved its full independence from the United Kingdom in 1960.
Somaliland Executive Branch
The state has an Executive Branch, which is separate and independent of the legislative and the judicial branches.The Executive Branch (sometimes referred to as “the Government”), is headed by the elected President and consist of the President, The vice-President, and the Council of Ministers appointed by the President..
The country has a republican form of government.
The government consists of three branches which are: the Legislative, the Executive and the Judiciary. The separation of the powers of these branches are as set out in the Constitution. Each branch exercises independently the exclusive powers accorded to it under the Constitution.
Somaliland Judicial Branch
The Judiciary consists of the courts and the Procuracy.
The judges and the members of the Procuracy are independent when exercising their judicial functions and are guided only by the law. The courts of the Republic of Somaliland consist of: the Supreme Court, the Appeal Courts of the Regions, the Regional Courts, the District Courts and the Courts of the National Armed Forces.
The Supreme Court is the highest organ of the Judiciary and is also at the same time the Constitutional Court. In addition to the Chairman, the number of judges in the court shall not be less than four. A special law shall govern the court. The Procuracy of the state consists of the Attorney General and his deputies.
Somaliland Legislative Branch
The power to legislate cannot be transferred to anyone outside the Parliament.
The legislative powers of the Republic of Somaliland are vested exclusively in the Parliament which consists of two Houses – the House of Representatives and the House of the Elders. The power to legislate cannot be transferred to anyone outside the Parliament. All bills passed by the Parliament only come into force when the President publishes them in accordance with the Constitution. The Parliament fulfils its duties in accordance with the Constitution and its Rules.